Flora and fauna

Weeds and invasive flora/fauna

When the property was acquired by the present owner, the garden was infested with blackberry, montbretia, St Johns wort, English broom, privet and cotoneaster, all listed as noxious weeds under the Noxious Weeds Act 1993. Twenty other varieties of weed were identified on the property at that time. Large stands of cotoneaster and bamboo have been completely removed.

Our horticulturalists have reduced the weed infestation to a relatively small size. The considerable growth of ivy on trees has also been systematically removed. The other weeds are dealt with during routine maintenance.

They are:

  • flatweed (in the lawn),
  • blackberry (particularly from National Park),
  • buttercup (creek banks)
  • montbretia (creek banks),
  • flickweed (creek banks),
  • herbaceous weeds (in the garden beds).


In pursuing the policy of consistency of cool climate plantings to enhance the values established by the heritage garden, established trees of the following types have been added to the garden over the past ten years:

  • Acer saccherinum - Silver Maple
  • Acer japonicum f.acontifolium - Japanese Downy Maple
  • Acer palmatum dissectum Inage Shidare - Weeping Japanese Maple
  • Acer palmatum reticulatum 'Rubrum' - Purple Leaf J.M.
  • Acer palmatum Sangokako - Coral Bark Japanese Maple
  • Acer platanoides - Crimson Sentry
  • Acer platanoides - Crimson King (Norway Maple)
  • Acer rubrum - October Glory - Red Maple
  • Betula pendula - Silver Birch
  • Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut Leaf Birch
  • B. platyphylla szechuanica x B. pen. Purpurea 'Crimson Frost' - Purple Leaf Birch
  • Cornus florida - Dogwood
  • Cornus florida 'Rubra' - Red Dogwood
  • Cupressocyparis leylandii - Leighton Green/Castwellan Gold/Gold Rider/Naylors Blue
  • Fraxinus angustifolia Raywood - Claret Ash
  • Ginko biloba - Maidenhair Tree
  • Liriodendron tulipifera 'Fastigiatum' - Liriodendron - Tulip Tree
  • Malus floribunda - Japanese Crabapple
  • Malus floribunda 'Pendula' - Weeping Japanese Crabapple
  • Malus ioensis 'Plena' - Tall Standard Crab Apple
  • Malus ioensis 'Purpurea' Rubra - Crab Apple
  • Prunus campanulata - Flowering Cherry
  • Prunus Cerasifera 'Nigra' - Plum
  • Prunus persica 'Versicolour' - Persica Peach
  • Prunus serrulata 'Sekiyama' (Kanzan) - Flowering Cherry
  • Prunus 'Shirotae' Mt Fuji - White Flowering Cherry
  • Pyrus ussuriensis - Manchurian Pear
  • Rhododendron (species & cultivars) - Rhododendron
  • Salix babylonica var. pekinensis 'Tortuosa aurea' - Golden Corkscrew Willow
  • Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa' - Tortured Willow
  • Syringa hyacinthi 'Cora Brandt' - Lilac (white flowering)
  • Syringa vulgaris 'Mme Lemoine' - Fragrant Lilac (white flowering)
  • Tilia cordata - Linden Tree - Winter Orange
  • Ulmus glabra Camperdownii - Weeping Elm
  • Ulmus parvifolia 'Todd' - Chinese Elm
  • Ulmus procera 'Van Houtii' - Golden Elm

Cedars, Maples, Dogwoods and Japanese Cherries.

Native and exotic trees on nothern boundary in Autumn.

Wollemi Pines: The Braes Garden has three first generation Wollomi Pines.

Family of ducks in the frost